The Provincial Competitiveness Index (PCI) is the result of a long-standing collaborative effort between the Viet Nam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) to enhance provincial economic governance to create a business-enabling environment in Vietnam.
The PCI 2019 Report was developed under the overall direction of Vu Tien Loc, Chairman and President of VCCI, Vice Chairman of the Prime Minister’s Administrative Procedures Reform Advisory Council, Head of the Steering Committee of the PCI Program, and Dau Anh Tuan, General Director of VCCI’s Legal Department, and benefited from important support and input provided by Michael Greene, USAID Viet Nam Mission Director. Gregory Leon, Director of Economic Growth and Governance for USAID/Viet Nam and Nguyen Thi Cam Binh, Program Management Specialist, USAID/Viet Nam, provided comments for the report, and strong managerial support for the program.
Edmund Malesky, Professor of Political Economy at Duke University, led the formulation of the PCI research methodology and was primarily responsible for the presentation of its analytical findings. Pham Ngoc Thach, Deputy Director of VCCI’s Legal Department led the data collection, index construction and data analysis. The entire process of the PCI survey and research was supported and coordinated by a competent PCI research team. Le Thanh Ha, Division Head, VCCI’s Legal Department and Tran Minh Thu, PCI Project Coordinator managed the PCI research and report schedule and outputs. Layna Mosley, Professor at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, provided valuable advice on Chapter 3. Renate Kwon improved the report with excellent copyediting.
The PCI 2019 report was based on data collected through a rigorous business survey process, implemented by fifty students under the management and coordination of Nguyen Le Ha, Nguyen Vu Quang, and Luu Ngoc Anh at VCCI. The survey process and report development was effectively supported by Nguyen Thi Le Nghia, Bui Linh Chi, Truong Duc Trong, and Vu Ngoc Thuy from VCCI.
Our special thanks to Than Trong Dzung, a Vietnamese painter, for giving us permission to use his set of paintings “Fisher” as the theme for the report design.
On the 15th anniversary of the PCI, we would like to express our sincere thanks to all the people who have contributed to the development and refinement of the PCI over the years, and who have made efforts to spread the PCI findings. Our special thanks to the ex-members of the Prime Minister’s Advisory Board that served between 2004 and 2005 for their support to this groundbreaking and sensitive initiative. We would like to thank the Prime Minister’s Advisory Board for co-hosting the first PCI launch. Our appreciation goes to those who made important contributions to the development and implementation of the PCI, including Mr. Tran Xuan Gia, former Head of the Prime Minister’s Advisory Board, Madam Pham Chi Lan, Senior Economist, former member of the Prime Minister’s Advisory Board; Dr. Le Dang Doanh, Senior Economist, former member of the Prime Minister’s Advisory Board; Vu Quoc Tuan, Senior Economist, former member of the Prime Minister’s Advisory Board; [Nguyen Ky], Senior Economist, former member of the Prime Minister’s Advisory Board; Tran Huu Huynh, Chairman, Vietnam International Arbitration Center, former General Director of VCCI’s Legal Department; Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Thang, National Economics University; Dr. Nguyen Dinh Cung, former Director and Phan Duc Hieu, Vice Director, Central Institute for Economic Development (CIEM), Ministry of Planning and Investment; Prof. Dr. Tran Dinh Thien, former Director, Vietnam Institute of Economics, Vietnam Social Sciences Academy; Prof. Dr. Tran Tho Dat, Chairman of the Council of National Economics University; Dr. Nguyen Minh Phong, Vice Director, Communication and Theory Committee, People’s Newspaper; Dr. Vo Hung Dung, former Director, VCCI Can Tho branch; Tran Thi Lan Anh, Vice Secretary-General cum Director General of Bureau for Employers’ Activities, VCCI; Dr. Nguyen Thi Thu Trang, Director of VCCI’s WTO Center and Integration; Pham Hoang Tien, Director, VCCI’s Small and Medium Enterprise Support Center; Nguyen Phuong Lam, Director, VCCI Can Tho; Nguyen Tien Quang, Director, VCCI Da Nang; Nguyen Dien, Director, Center for Enterprise Support and Consultancy, former Director, VCCI Da Nang; Nguyen Thi Cuc, Chairman, Vietnam Tax Consultants’ Association, former Vice Director, General Tax Authority, Ministry of Finance; Nguyen Huu Thap, Chairman, Tuyen Quang Province Business Association; Nguyen Van Thoi, Chairman, Thai Nguyen Province Business Association; Tran Thi Dep, former Chairman, An Giang Province Business Association; Nguyen Van De, Chairman, Thanh Hoa Province Business Association, Chairman, Vietnam Private Hospitals Association; Duong Trong Khang, Standing Vice Chairman, Vinh Phuc Province Business Association; Nguyen Duc Lam, Department Director, Training Center for Elected Representatives; Deputies’ Affairs Committee, Standing Committee of the National Assembly; Le Van Quan, Director, Hanoi Center for Small and Medium sized Enterprise Support, Hanoi Department of Planning and Investment; Pham Binh An, Director, Ho Chi Minh City Center for International Integration Support; Phan Trung Can, former Director, Binh Thuan Province Center for Small and Medium sized Enterprise Support; Vu Thi Kim Chi, Vice Director, Quang Ninh Investment Promotion Agency; Le Xuan Hien, Director, Division of Bidding, Appraisal and Investment Supervision, Hai Duong Department of Planning and Investment; Vo Van Hung, Director, Quang Nam Center of Public Administration and Investment Promotion; Le Xuan Vinh, Director, Center for Investment and Start-up, Ben Tre Department of Planning and Investment; Dr. Nguyen Phuong Bac, Director, Bac Ninh Institute of Socio-economic Studies; Dr. Nguyen Van Hung, Vice Director, Da Nang Institute of Socio-economic Studies; Dr. Cung Trong Cuong, Director, Thua Thien-Hue Institute of Development Studies; Ngo Vinh Bach Duong; Director, Department of Economic Law, Institute for State and Law, Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences; Dr. Le Duy Binh, Director, Economica Vietnam; Truong Thanh Duc, Chairman, Members’ Council of BASICO Law Firm; and many other experts from provinces, cities, research institutes, associations, and businesses that we cannot list here.
The PCI reports would not be possible without the contributions over the years from those who inputted in the development of the PCI. These include: Prof. Dr. Christian Ketels, Business School, Harvard University, who led the research team of Prof. Dr. Michael E. Porter at the Institute for Strategy and Competitiveness; Asst. Prof. Dr. Dimitar Gueorguiev, Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University; Matthias Duhn, former Director, Eurocham Viet Nam; Asst. Prof. Dr. Weiyi Shi, School of Global Strategy and Policy, UC San Diego; Asst. Prof. Dr. Pham Anh, School of Policy and Government, George Manson University; Asst. Prof. Dr. Benjamin Graham, Lecturer of International Relations, University of Southern California; Prof. Dr. Layna Mosely, Lecturer of Political Science, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill; Dr. Trang (Mae) Nguyen, U.S.-Asia Law Institute, New York University School of Law.; Prof. Dr. Markus Taussig, Rutgers Business School, Rutgers University; Dr. Le Quoc Anh, R&D Specialist, Facebook; Prof. Dr. Soo Yeon Kim, Political Science Faculty, National University of Singapore; Prof. Dr. Helen Milner, Princeton University; Phan Tuan Ngoc, Ph.D. candidate, Duke University; Prof. Dr. Tran Ngoc Anh, Indiana University and Harvard University; Dr. Neil McCulloch, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, Britain, and Director, Economic Policy Program, Oxford Policy Management Consulting, Britain; Doan Hong Quang, Senior Economist, The World Bank Viet Nam; Adam Sitkoff, CEO, AmCham Viet Nam; Virginia Foote, AmCham Viet Nam, Co-chair, Vietnam Business Forum (VBF) 2019; Ass. Prof. Pham Duy Nghia, Director, Law and Public Governance Program, Fulbright School of Public Policy and Management, Viet Nam; Dr. Vu Thanh Tu Anh, Fulbright University, Viet Nam; Dr. Kim Ninh, former Chief Representative, The Asia Foundation Viet Nam; Ha Thanh Tu, former Programme Officer, The Asia Foundation Viet Nam; Dr. James Winkler, former Director of Vietnam Competitiveness Initiative (VNCI), Development Alternatives Inc. in Viet Nam (DAI); Dr. David Ray, former Deputy Director, VNCI, Development Alternatives Inc. in Viet Nam; Do Hoang Anh, former Deputy Director, VNCI, DAI; Huynh Mai Huong, VNCI’s PCI Project; Dr. Dang Quang Vinh, VNCI and former PCI Economist; Le Thi Thu Hien, VNCI PCI Project Manager; Nguyen Ngoc Lan, VNCI and PCI Project Manager; Nguyen Thi Thu Hang, VNCI and former PCI Project Coordinator.
We would like to express our gratitude to the UPS Foundation and Coca-Cola Viet Nam for their partnership with the PCI program in 2019.
The PCI survey would be incomplete without enthusiastic support from foreign business associations in Viet Nam. These include: American Chamber of Commerce in Viet Nam (AmCham), European Chamber of Commerce in Viet Nam (EuroCham), Japan Chamber of Commerce and Industry (JCCI), Korea Chamber of Commerce in Viet Nam (KoCham), British Business Group Vietnam (BBGV), Australian Chamber of Commerce in Viet Nam (AusCham), Canadian Chamber of Commerce in Viet Nam (CanCham), Indian Chamber of Commerce in Viet Nam (InCham), Hongkong Business Association in Viet Nam (HKBAV), Singapore Business Group, Swiss Business Association in Viet Nam (Swiss Business), The Council of Taiwanese Chambers of Commerce in Viet Nam (CTCVN), The Thai Business Association in Viet Nam (TBA), Nordic Chamber of Commerce Vietnam (Nordic Chamber).
Last, and most importantly, we would like to thank businesses for spending their valuable time to answer the PCI 2019 survey in a complete, candid, and objective way. Your inputs are crucial to the PCI report, as they help us capture the business environment to a broad spectrum to inform policy making, thereby bringing about benefits for the development of the business community.